Databricks Utilities (dbutils) reference

This article is a reference for Databricks Utilities (dbutils). dbutils utilities are available in Python, R, and Scala notebooks. You can use the utilities to:

  • Work with files and object storage efficiently.

  • Work with secrets.

How to: List utilities, list commands, display command help

Utilities: credentials, data, fs, jobs, library, notebook, secrets, widgets, Utilities API library

List available utilities

To list available utilities along with a short description for each utility, run dbutils.help() for Python or Scala.

This example lists available commands for the Databricks Utilities.

dbutils.help()
dbutils.help()
This module provides various utilities for users to interact with the rest of Databricks.

credentials: DatabricksCredentialUtils -> Utilities for interacting with credentials within notebooks
data: DataUtils -> Utilities for understanding and interacting with datasets (EXPERIMENTAL)
fs: DbfsUtils -> Manipulates the Databricks filesystem (DBFS) from the console
jobs: JobsUtils -> Utilities for leveraging jobs features
library: LibraryUtils -> Utilities for session isolated libraries
meta: MetaUtils -> Methods to hook into the compiler (EXPERIMENTAL)
notebook: NotebookUtils -> Utilities for the control flow of a notebook (EXPERIMENTAL)
preview: Preview -> Utilities under preview category
secrets: SecretUtils -> Provides utilities for leveraging secrets within notebooks
widgets: WidgetsUtils -> Methods to create and get bound value of input widgets inside notebooks

List available commands for a utility

To list available commands for a utility along with a short description of each command, run .help() after the programmatic name for the utility.

This example lists available commands for the Databricks File System (DBFS) utility.

dbutils.fs.help()
dbutils.fs.help()
dbutils.fs.help()
dbutils.fs provides utilities for working with FileSystems. Most methods in this package can take either a DBFS path (e.g., "/foo" or "dbfs:/foo"), or another FileSystem URI. For more info about a method, use dbutils.fs.help("methodName"). In notebooks, you can also use the %fs shorthand to access DBFS. The %fs shorthand maps straightforwardly onto dbutils calls. For example, "%fs head --maxBytes=10000 /file/path" translates into "dbutils.fs.head("/file/path", maxBytes = 10000)".

fsutils

cp(from: String, to: String, recurse: boolean = false): boolean -> Copies a file or directory, possibly across FileSystems
head(file: String, maxBytes: int = 65536): String -> Returns up to the first 'maxBytes' bytes of the given file as a String encoded in UTF-8
ls(dir: String): Seq -> Lists the contents of a directory
mkdirs(dir: String): boolean -> Creates the given directory if it does not exist, also creating any necessary parent directories
mv(from: String, to: String, recurse: boolean = false): boolean -> Moves a file or directory, possibly across FileSystems
put(file: String, contents: String, overwrite: boolean = false): boolean -> Writes the given String out to a file, encoded in UTF-8
rm(dir: String, recurse: boolean = false): boolean -> Removes a file or directory

mount

mount(source: String, mountPoint: String, encryptionType: String = "", owner: String = null, extraConfigs: Map = Map.empty[String, String]): boolean -> Mounts the given source directory into DBFS at the given mount point
mounts: Seq -> Displays information about what is mounted within DBFS
refreshMounts: boolean -> Forces all machines in this cluster to refresh their mount cache, ensuring they receive the most recent information
unmount(mountPoint: String): boolean -> Deletes a DBFS mount point
updateMount(source: String, mountPoint: String, encryptionType: String = "", owner: String = null, extraConfigs: Map = Map.empty[String, String]): boolean -> Similar to mount(), but updates an existing mount point instead of creating a new one

Display help for a command

To display help for a command, run .help("<command-name>") after the command name.

This example displays help for the DBFS copy command.

dbutils.fs.help("cp")
dbutils.fs.help("cp")
dbutils.fs.help("cp")
/**
* Copies a file or directory, possibly across FileSystems.
*
* Example: cp("/mnt/my-folder/a", "dbfs:/a/b")
*
* @param from FileSystem URI of the source file or directory
* @param to FileSystem URI of the destination file or directory
* @param recurse if true, all files and directories will be recursively copied
* @return true if all files were successfully copied
*/
cp(from: java.lang.String, to: java.lang.String, recurse: boolean = false): boolean

Credentials utility (dbutils.credentials)

Commands: assumeRole, showCurrentRole, showRoles

The credentials utility allows you to interact with credentials within notebooks. This utility is usable only on clusters with credential passthrough enabled. To list the available commands, run dbutils.credentials.help().

assumeRole(role: String): boolean -> Sets the role ARN to assume when looking for credentials to authenticate with S3
showCurrentRole: List -> Shows the currently set role
showRoles: List -> Shows the set of possible assumed roles

assumeRole command (dbutils.credentials.assumeRole)

Sets the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role to assume when looking for credentials to authenticate with Amazon S3. After you run this command, you can run S3 access commands, such as sc.textFile("s3a://my-bucket/my-file.csv") to access an object.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.credentials.help("assumeRole").

dbutils.credentials.assumeRole("arn:aws:iam::123456789012:roles/my-role")

# Out[1]: True
dbutils.credentials.assumeRole("arn:aws:iam::123456789012:roles/my-role")

# TRUE
dbutils.credentials.assumeRole("arn:aws:iam::123456789012:roles/my-role")

// res0: Boolean = true

showCurrentRole command (dbutils.credentials.showCurrentRole)

Lists the currently set AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) role.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.credentials.help("showCurrentRole").

dbutils.credentials.showCurrentRole()

# Out[1]: ['arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/my-role-a']
dbutils.credentials.showCurrentRole()

# [[1]]
# [1] "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/my-role-a"
dbutils.credentials.showCurrentRole()

// res0: java.util.List[String] = [arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/my-role-a]

showRoles command (dbutils.credentials.showRoles)

Lists the set of possible assumed AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) roles.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.credentials.help("showRoles").

dbutils.credentials.showRoles()

# Out[1]: ['arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/my-role-a', 'arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/my-role-b']
dbutils.credentials.showRoles()

# [[1]]
# [1] "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/my-role-a"
#
# [[2]]
# [1] "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/my-role-b"
dbutils.credentials.showRoles()

// res0: java.util.List[String] = [arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/my-role-a, arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/my-role-b]

Data utility (dbutils.data)

Preview

This feature is in Public Preview.

Note

Available in Databricks Runtime 9.0 and above.

Commands: summarize

The data utility allows you to understand and interpret datasets. To list the available commands, run dbutils.data.help().

dbutils.data provides utilities for understanding and interpreting datasets. This module is currently in preview and may be unstable. For more info about a method, use dbutils.data.help("methodName").

summarize(df: Object, precise: boolean): void -> Summarize a Spark DataFrame and visualize the statistics to get quick insights

summarize command (dbutils.data.summarize)

Calculates and displays summary statistics of an Apache Spark DataFrame or pandas DataFrame. This command is available for Python, Scala and R.

Caution

This command analyzes the complete contents of the DataFrame. Running this command for very large DataFrames can be very expensive.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.data.help("summarize").

In Databricks Runtime 10.1 and above, you can use the additional precise parameter to adjust the precision of the computed statistics.

Note

This feature is in Public Preview.

  • When precise is set to false (the default), some returned statistics include approximations to reduce run time.

    • The number of distinct values for categorical columns may have ~5% relative error for high-cardinality columns.

    • The frequent value counts may have an error of up to 0.01% when the number of distinct values is greater than 10000.

    • The histograms and percentile estimates may have an error of up to 0.01% relative to the total number of rows.

  • When precise is set to true, the statistics are computed with higher precision. All statistics except for the histograms and percentiles for numeric columns are now exact.

    • The histograms and percentile estimates may have an error of up to 0.0001% relative to the total number of rows.

The tooltip at the top of the data summary output indicates the mode of current run.

This example displays summary statistics for an Apache Spark DataFrame with approximations enabled by default. To see the results, run this command in a notebook. This example is based on Sample datasets.

df = spark.read.format('csv').load(
  '/databricks-datasets/Rdatasets/data-001/csv/ggplot2/diamonds.csv',
  header=True,
  inferSchema=True
)
dbutils.data.summarize(df)
df <- read.df("/databricks-datasets/Rdatasets/data-001/csv/ggplot2/diamonds.csv", source = "csv", header="true", inferSchema = "true")
dbutils.data.summarize(df)
val df = spark.read.format("csv")
  .option("inferSchema", "true")
  .option("header", "true")
  .load("/databricks-datasets/Rdatasets/data-001/csv/ggplot2/diamonds.csv")
dbutils.data.summarize(df)

Note that the visualization uses SI notation to concisely render numerical values smaller than 0.01 or larger than 10000. As an example, the numerical value 1.25e-15 will be rendered as 1.25f. One exception: the visualization uses “B” for 1.0e9 (giga) instead of “G”.

File system utility (dbutils.fs)

Warning

The Python implementation of all dbutils.fs methods uses snake_case rather than camelCase for keyword formatting.

For example: while dbutils.fs.help() displays the option extraConfigs for dbutils.fs.mount(), in Python you would use the keyword extra_configs.

Commands: cp, head, ls, mkdirs, mount, mounts, mv, put, refreshMounts, rm, unmount, updateMount

The file system utility allows you to access What is the Databricks File System (DBFS)?, making it easier to use Databricks as a file system. To list the available commands, run dbutils.fs.help().

dbutils.fs provides utilities for working with FileSystems. Most methods in this package can take either a DBFS path (e.g., "/foo" or "dbfs:/foo"), or another FileSystem URI. For more info about a method, use dbutils.fs.help("methodName"). In notebooks, you can also use the %fs shorthand to access DBFS. The %fs shorthand maps straightforwardly onto dbutils calls. For example, "%fs head --maxBytes=10000 /file/path" translates into "dbutils.fs.head("/file/path", maxBytes = 10000)".

fsutils

cp(from: String, to: String, recurse: boolean = false): boolean -> Copies a file or directory, possibly across FileSystems
head(file: String, maxBytes: int = 65536): String -> Returns up to the first 'maxBytes' bytes of the given file as a String encoded in UTF-8
ls(dir: String): Seq -> Lists the contents of a directory
mkdirs(dir: String): boolean -> Creates the given directory if it does not exist, also creating any necessary parent directories
mv(from: String, to: String, recurse: boolean = false): boolean -> Moves a file or directory, possibly across FileSystems
put(file: String, contents: String, overwrite: boolean = false): boolean -> Writes the given String out to a file, encoded in UTF-8
rm(dir: String, recurse: boolean = false): boolean -> Removes a file or directory

mount

mount(source: String, mountPoint: String, encryptionType: String = "", owner: String = null, extraConfigs: Map = Map.empty[String, String]): boolean -> Mounts the given source directory into DBFS at the given mount point
mounts: Seq -> Displays information about what is mounted within DBFS
refreshMounts: boolean -> Forces all machines in this cluster to refresh their mount cache, ensuring they receive the most recent information
unmount(mountPoint: String): boolean -> Deletes a DBFS mount point
updateMount(source: String, mountPoint: String, encryptionType: String = "", owner: String = null, extraConfigs: Map = Map.empty[String, String]): boolean -> Similar to mount(), but updates an existing mount point instead of creating a new one

cp command (dbutils.fs.cp)

Copies a file or directory, possibly across filesystems.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("cp").

This example copies the file named old_file.txt from /FileStore to /tmp/new, renaming the copied file to new_file.txt.

dbutils.fs.cp("/FileStore/old_file.txt", "/tmp/new/new_file.txt")

# Out[4]: True
dbutils.fs.cp("/FileStore/old_file.txt", "/tmp/new/new_file.txt")

# [1] TRUE
dbutils.fs.cp("/FileStore/old_file.txt", "/tmp/new/new_file.txt")

// res3: Boolean = true

head command (dbutils.fs.head)

Returns up to the specified maximum number bytes of the given file. The bytes are returned as a UTF-8 encoded string.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("head").

This example displays the first 25 bytes of the file my_file.txt located in /tmp.

dbutils.fs.head("/tmp/my_file.txt", 25)

# [Truncated to first 25 bytes]
# Out[12]: 'Apache Spark is awesome!\n'
dbutils.fs.head("/tmp/my_file.txt", 25)

# [1] "Apache Spark is awesome!\n"
dbutils.fs.head("/tmp/my_file.txt", 25)

// [Truncated to first 25 bytes]
// res4: String =
// "Apache Spark is awesome!
// "

ls command (dbutils.fs.ls)

Lists the contents of a directory.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("ls").

This example displays information about the contents of /tmp. The modificationTime field is available in Databricks Runtime 10.2 and above. In R, modificationTime is returned as a string.

dbutils.fs.ls("/tmp")

# Out[13]: [FileInfo(path='dbfs:/tmp/my_file.txt', name='my_file.txt', size=40, modificationTime=1622054945000)]
dbutils.fs.ls("/tmp")

# For prettier results from dbutils.fs.ls(<dir>), please use `%fs ls <dir>`

# [[1]]
# [[1]]$path
# [1] "dbfs:/tmp/my_file.txt"

# [[1]]$name
# [1] "my_file.txt"

# [[1]]$size
# [1] 40

# [[1]]$isDir
# [1] FALSE

# [[1]]$isFile
# [1] TRUE

# [[1]]$modificationTime
# [1] "1622054945000"
dbutils.fs.ls("/tmp")

// res6: Seq[com.databricks.backend.daemon.dbutils.FileInfo] = WrappedArray(FileInfo(dbfs:/tmp/my_file.txt, my_file.txt, 40, 1622054945000))

mkdirs command (dbutils.fs.mkdirs)

Creates the given directory if it does not exist. Also creates any necessary parent directories.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("mkdirs").

This example creates the directory structure /parent/child/grandchild within /tmp.

dbutils.fs.mkdirs("/tmp/parent/child/grandchild")

# Out[15]: True
dbutils.fs.mkdirs("/tmp/parent/child/grandchild")

# [1] TRUE
dbutils.fs.mkdirs("/tmp/parent/child/grandchild")

// res7: Boolean = true

mount command (dbutils.fs.mount)

Mounts the specified source directory into DBFS at the specified mount point.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("mount").

aws_bucket_name = "my-bucket"
mount_name = "s3-my-bucket"

dbutils.fs.mount("s3a://%s" % aws_bucket_name, "/mnt/%s" % mount_name)
val AwsBucketName = "my-bucket"
val MountName = "s3-my-bucket"

dbutils.fs.mount(s"s3a://$AwsBucketName", s"/mnt/$MountName")

For additional code examples, see Connect to Amazon S3.

mounts command (dbutils.fs.mounts)

Displays information about what is currently mounted within DBFS.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("mounts").

Warning

Call dbutils.fs.refreshMounts() on all other running clusters to propagate the new mount. See refreshMounts command (dbutils.fs.refreshMounts).

dbutils.fs.mounts()

# Out[11]: [MountInfo(mountPoint='/mnt/databricks-results', source='databricks-results', encryptionType='sse-s3')]
dbutils.fs.mounts()

For additional code examples, see Connect to Amazon S3.

mv command (dbutils.fs.mv)

Moves a file or directory, possibly across filesystems. A move is a copy followed by a delete, even for moves within filesystems.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("mv").

This example moves the file my_file.txt from /FileStore to /tmp/parent/child/granchild.

dbutils.fs.mv("/FileStore/my_file.txt", "/tmp/parent/child/grandchild")

# Out[2]: True
dbutils.fs.mv("/FileStore/my_file.txt", "/tmp/parent/child/grandchild")

# [1] TRUE
dbutils.fs.mv("/FileStore/my_file.txt", "/tmp/parent/child/grandchild")

// res1: Boolean = true

put command (dbutils.fs.put)

Writes the specified string to a file. The string is UTF-8 encoded.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("put").

This example writes the string Hello, Databricks! to a file named hello_db.txt in /tmp. If the file exists, it will be overwritten.

dbutils.fs.put("/tmp/hello_db.txt", "Hello, Databricks!", True)

# Wrote 18 bytes.
# Out[6]: True
dbutils.fs.put("/tmp/hello_db.txt", "Hello, Databricks!", TRUE)

# [1] TRUE
dbutils.fs.put("/tmp/hello_db.txt", "Hello, Databricks!", true)

// Wrote 18 bytes.
// res2: Boolean = true

refreshMounts command (dbutils.fs.refreshMounts)

Forces all machines in the cluster to refresh their mount cache, ensuring they receive the most recent information.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("refreshMounts").

dbutils.fs.refreshMounts()
dbutils.fs.refreshMounts()

For additional code examples, see Connect to Amazon S3.

rm command (dbutils.fs.rm)

Removes a file or directory and optionally all of its contents. If a file is specified, the recurse parameter is ignored. If a directory is specified, an error occurs if recurse is disabled and the directory is not empty.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("rm").

This example removes the directory /tmp including the contents of the directory.

dbutils.fs.rm("/tmp", True)

# Out[8]: True
dbutils.fs.rm("/tmp", TRUE)

# [1] TRUE
dbutils.fs.rm("/tmp", true)

// res6: Boolean = true

unmount command (dbutils.fs.unmount)

Deletes a DBFS mount point.

Warning

To avoid errors, never modify a mount point while other jobs are reading or writing to it. After modifying a mount, always run dbutils.fs.refreshMounts() on all other running clusters to propagate any mount updates. See refreshMounts command (dbutils.fs.refreshMounts).

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("unmount").

dbutils.fs.unmount("/mnt/<mount-name>")

For additional code examples, see Connect to Amazon S3.

updateMount command (dbutils.fs.updateMount)

Similar to the dbutils.fs.mount command, but updates an existing mount point instead of creating a new one. Returns an error if the mount point is not present.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.fs.help("updateMount").

Warning

To avoid errors, never modify a mount point while other jobs are reading or writing to it. After modifying a mount, always run dbutils.fs.refreshMounts() on all other running clusters to propagate any mount updates. See refreshMounts command (dbutils.fs.refreshMounts).

This command is available in Databricks Runtime 10.2 and above.

aws_bucket_name = "my-bucket"
mount_name = "s3-my-bucket"

dbutils.fs.updateMount("s3a://%s" % aws_bucket_name, "/mnt/%s" % mount_name)
val AwsBucketName = "my-bucket"
val MountName = "s3-my-bucket"

dbutils.fs.updateMount(s"s3a://$AwsBucketName", s"/mnt/$MountName")

Jobs utility (dbutils.jobs)

Subutilities: taskValues

Note

Available in Databricks Runtime 7.3 and above.

This utility is available only for Python.

The jobs utility allows you to leverage jobs features. To display help for this utility, run dbutils.jobs.help().

Provides utilities for leveraging jobs features.

taskValues: TaskValuesUtils -> Provides utilities for leveraging job task values

taskValues subutility (dbutils.jobs.taskValues)

Commands: get, set

Note

Available in Databricks Runtime 7.3 and above.

This subutility is available only for Python.

Provides commands for leveraging job task values.

Use this sub utility to set and get arbitrary values during a job run. These values are called task values. You can access task values in downstream tasks in the same job run. For example, you can communicate identifiers or metrics, such as information about the evaluation of a machine learning model, between different tasks within a job run. Each task can set multiple task values, get them, or both. Each task value has a unique key within the same task. This unique key is known as the task value’s key. A task value is accessed with the task name and the task value’s key.

To display help for this subutility, run dbutils.jobs.taskValues.help().

get command (dbutils.jobs.taskValues.get)

Note

Available in Databricks Runtime 7.3 and above.

This command is available only for Python.

On Databricks Runtime 10.4 and earlier, if get cannot find the task, a Py4JJavaError is raised instead of a ValueError.

Gets the contents of the specified task value for the specified task in the current job run.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.jobs.taskValues.help("get").

For example:

dbutils.jobs.taskValues.get(taskKey    = "my-task", \
                            key        = "my-key", \
                            default    = 7, \
                            debugValue = 42)

In the preceding example:

  • taskKey is the name of the task that set the task value. If the command cannot find this task, a ValueError is raised.

  • key is the name of the task value’s key that you set with the set command (dbutils.jobs.taskValues.set). If the command cannot find this task value’s key, a ValueError is raised (unless default is specified).

  • default is an optional value that is returned if key cannot be found. default cannot be None.

  • debugValue is an optional value that is returned if you try to get the task value from within a notebook that is running outside of a job. This can be useful during debugging when you want to run your notebook manually and return some value instead of raising a TypeError by default. debugValue cannot be None.

If you try to get a task value from within a notebook that is running outside of a job, this command raises a TypeError by default. However, if the debugValue argument is specified in the command, the value of debugValue is returned instead of raising a TypeError.

set command (dbutils.jobs.taskValues.set)

Note

Available in Databricks Runtime 7.3 and above.

This command is available only for Python.

Sets or updates a task value. You can set up to 250 task values for a job run.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.jobs.taskValues.help("set").

Some examples include:

dbutils.jobs.taskValues.set(key   = "my-key", \
                            value = 5)

dbutils.jobs.taskValues.set(key   = "my-other-key", \
                            value = "my other value")

In the preceding examples:

  • key is the task value’s key. This key must be unique to the task. That is, if two different tasks each set a task value with key K, these are two different task values that have the same key K.

  • value is the value for this task value’s key. This command must be able to represent the value internally in JSON format. The size of the JSON representation of the value cannot exceed 48 KiB.

If you try to set a task value from within a notebook that is running outside of a job, this command does nothing.

Library utility (dbutils.library)

Most methods in the dbutils.library submodule are deprecated. See (Legacy) Library utility (dbutils.library).

You might need to programmatically restart the Python process on Databricks to ensure that locally installed or upgraded libraries function correctly in the Python kernel for your current SparkSession. To do this, run the dbutils.library.restartPython command. See Restart the Python process on Databricks.

Notebook utility (dbutils.notebook)

Commands: exit, run

The notebook utility allows you to chain together notebooks and act on their results. See Run a Databricks notebook from another notebook.

To list the available commands, run dbutils.notebook.help().

exit(value: String): void -> This method lets you exit a notebook with a value
run(path: String, timeoutSeconds: int, arguments: Map): String -> This method runs a notebook and returns its exit value.

exit command (dbutils.notebook.exit)

Exits a notebook with a value.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.notebook.help("exit").

This example exits the notebook with the value Exiting from My Other Notebook.

dbutils.notebook.exit("Exiting from My Other Notebook")

# Notebook exited: Exiting from My Other Notebook
dbutils.notebook.exit("Exiting from My Other Notebook")

# Notebook exited: Exiting from My Other Notebook
dbutils.notebook.exit("Exiting from My Other Notebook")

// Notebook exited: Exiting from My Other Notebook

Note

If the run has a query with structured streaming running in the background, calling dbutils.notebook.exit() does not terminate the run. The run will continue to execute for as long as query is executing in the background. You can stop the query running in the background by clicking Cancel in the cell of the query or by running query.stop(). When the query stops, you can terminate the run with dbutils.notebook.exit().

run command (dbutils.notebook.run)

Runs a notebook and returns its exit value. The notebook will run in the current cluster by default.

Note

The maximum length of the string value returned from the run command is 5 MB. See Get the output for a single run (GET /jobs/runs/get-output).

To display help for this command, run dbutils.notebook.help("run").

This example runs a notebook named My Other Notebook in the same location as the calling notebook. The called notebook ends with the line of code dbutils.notebook.exit("Exiting from My Other Notebook"). If the called notebook does not finish running within 60 seconds, an exception is thrown.

dbutils.notebook.run("My Other Notebook", 60)

# Out[14]: 'Exiting from My Other Notebook'
dbutils.notebook.run("My Other Notebook", 60)

// res2: String = Exiting from My Other Notebook

Secrets utility (dbutils.secrets)

Commands: get, getBytes, list, listScopes

The secrets utility allows you to store and access sensitive credential information without making them visible in notebooks. See Secret management and Use the secrets in a notebook. To list the available commands, run dbutils.secrets.help().

get(scope: String, key: String): String -> Gets the string representation of a secret value with scope and key
getBytes(scope: String, key: String): byte[] -> Gets the bytes representation of a secret value with scope and key
list(scope: String): Seq -> Lists secret metadata for secrets within a scope
listScopes: Seq -> Lists secret scopes

get command (dbutils.secrets.get)

Gets the string representation of a secret value for the specified secrets scope and key.

Warning

Administrators, secret creators, and users granted permission can read Databricks secrets. While Databricks makes an effort to redact secret values that might be displayed in notebooks, it is not possible to prevent such users from reading secrets. For more information, see Secret redaction.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.secrets.help("get").

This example gets the string representation of the secret value for the scope named my-scope and the key named my-key.

dbutils.secrets.get(scope="my-scope", key="my-key")

# Out[14]: '[REDACTED]'
dbutils.secrets.get(scope="my-scope", key="my-key")

# [1] "[REDACTED]"
dbutils.secrets.get(scope="my-scope", key="my-key")

// res0: String = [REDACTED]

getBytes command (dbutils.secrets.getBytes)

Gets the bytes representation of a secret value for the specified scope and key.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.secrets.help("getBytes").

This example gets the byte representation of the secret value (in this example, a1!b2@c3#) for the scope named my-scope and the key named my-key.

dbutils.secrets.getBytes(scope="my-scope", key="my-key")

# Out[1]: b'a1!b2@c3#'
dbutils.secrets.getBytes(scope="my-scope", key="my-key")

# [1] 61 31 21 62 32 40 63 33 23
dbutils.secrets.getBytes(scope="my-scope", key="my-key")

// res1: Array[Byte] = Array(97, 49, 33, 98, 50, 64, 99, 51, 35)

list command (dbutils.secrets.list)

Lists the metadata for secrets within the specified scope.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.secrets.help("list").

This example lists the metadata for secrets within the scope named my-scope.

dbutils.secrets.list("my-scope")

# Out[10]: [SecretMetadata(key='my-key')]
dbutils.secrets.list("my-scope")

# [[1]]
# [[1]]$key
# [1] "my-key"
dbutils.secrets.list("my-scope")

// res2: Seq[com.databricks.dbutils_v1.SecretMetadata] = ArrayBuffer(SecretMetadata(my-key))

listScopes command (dbutils.secrets.listScopes)

Lists the available scopes.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.secrets.help("listScopes").

This example lists the available scopes.

dbutils.secrets.listScopes()

# Out[14]: [SecretScope(name='my-scope')]
dbutils.secrets.listScopes()

# [[1]]
# [[1]]$name
# [1] "my-scope"
dbutils.secrets.listScopes()

// res3: Seq[com.databricks.dbutils_v1.SecretScope] = ArrayBuffer(SecretScope(my-scope))

Widgets utility (dbutils.widgets)

Commands: combobox, dropdown, get, getArgument, multiselect, remove, removeAll, text

The widgets utility allows you to parameterize notebooks. See Databricks widgets.

To list the available commands, run dbutils.widgets.help().

combobox(name: String, defaultValue: String, choices: Seq, label: String): void -> Creates a combobox input widget with a given name, default value and choices
dropdown(name: String, defaultValue: String, choices: Seq, label: String): void -> Creates a dropdown input widget a with given name, default value and choices
get(name: String): String -> Retrieves current value of an input widget
getArgument(name: String, optional: String): String -> (DEPRECATED) Equivalent to get
multiselect(name: String, defaultValue: String, choices: Seq, label: String): void -> Creates a multiselect input widget with a given name, default value and choices
remove(name: String): void -> Removes an input widget from the notebook
removeAll: void -> Removes all widgets in the notebook
text(name: String, defaultValue: String, label: String): void -> Creates a text input widget with a given name and default value

combobox command (dbutils.widgets.combobox)

Creates and displays a combobox widget with the specified programmatic name, default value, choices, and optional label.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.widgets.help("combobox").

This example creates and displays a combobox widget with the programmatic name fruits_combobox. It offers the choices apple, banana, coconut, and dragon fruit and is set to the initial value of banana. This combobox widget has an accompanying label Fruits. This example ends by printing the initial value of the combobox widget, banana.

dbutils.widgets.combobox(
  name='fruits_combobox',
  defaultValue='banana',
  choices=['apple', 'banana', 'coconut', 'dragon fruit'],
  label='Fruits'
)

print(dbutils.widgets.get("fruits_combobox"))

# banana
dbutils.widgets.combobox(
  name='fruits_combobox',
  defaultValue='banana',
  choices=list('apple', 'banana', 'coconut', 'dragon fruit'),
  label='Fruits'
)

print(dbutils.widgets.get("fruits_combobox"))

# [1] "banana"
dbutils.widgets.combobox(
  "fruits_combobox",
  "banana",
  Array("apple", "banana", "coconut", "dragon fruit"),
  "Fruits"
)

print(dbutils.widgets.get("fruits_combobox"))

// banana

get command (dbutils.widgets.get)

Gets the current value of the widget with the specified programmatic name. This programmatic name can be either:

  • The name of a custom widget in the notebook, for example fruits_combobox or toys_dropdown.

  • The name of a custom parameter passed to the notebook as part of a notebook task, for example name or age. For more information, see the coverage of parameters for notebook tasks in the Create a job UI or the notebook_params field in the Trigger a new job run (POST /jobs/run-now) operation in the Jobs API.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.widgets.help("get").

This example gets the value of the widget that has the programmatic name fruits_combobox.

dbutils.widgets.get('fruits_combobox')

# banana
dbutils.widgets.get('fruits_combobox')

# [1] "banana"
dbutils.widgets.get("fruits_combobox")

// res6: String = banana

This example gets the value of the notebook task parameter that has the programmatic name age. This parameter was set to 35 when the related notebook task was run.

dbutils.widgets.get('age')

# 35
dbutils.widgets.get('age')

# [1] "35"
dbutils.widgets.get("age")

// res6: String = 35

getArgument command (dbutils.widgets.getArgument)

Gets the current value of the widget with the specified programmatic name. If the widget does not exist, an optional message can be returned.

Note

This command is deprecated. Use dbutils.widgets.get instead.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.widgets.help("getArgument").

This example gets the value of the widget that has the programmatic name fruits_combobox. If this widget does not exist, the message Error: Cannot find fruits combobox is returned.

dbutils.widgets.getArgument('fruits_combobox', 'Error: Cannot find fruits combobox')

# Deprecation warning: Use dbutils.widgets.text() or dbutils.widgets.dropdown() to create a widget and dbutils.widgets.get() to get its bound value.
# Out[3]: 'banana'
dbutils.widgets.getArgument('fruits_combobox', 'Error: Cannot find fruits combobox')

# Deprecation warning: Use dbutils.widgets.text() or dbutils.widgets.dropdown() to create a widget and dbutils.widgets.get() to get its bound value.
# [1] "banana"
dbutils.widgets.getArgument("fruits_combobox", "Error: Cannot find fruits combobox")

// command-1234567890123456:1: warning: method getArgument in trait WidgetsUtils is deprecated: Use dbutils.widgets.text() or dbutils.widgets.dropdown() to create a widget and dbutils.widgets.get() to get its bound value.
// dbutils.widgets.getArgument("fruits_combobox", "Error: Cannot find fruits combobox")
//                 ^
// res7: String = banana

multiselect command (dbutils.widgets.multiselect)

Creates and displays a multiselect widget with the specified programmatic name, default value, choices, and optional label.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.widgets.help("multiselect").

This example creates and displays a multiselect widget with the programmatic name days_multiselect. It offers the choices Monday through Sunday and is set to the initial value of Tuesday. This multiselect widget has an accompanying label Days of the Week. This example ends by printing the initial value of the multiselect widget, Tuesday.

dbutils.widgets.multiselect(
  name='days_multiselect',
  defaultValue='Tuesday',
  choices=['Monday', 'Tuesday', 'Wednesday', 'Thursday',
    'Friday', 'Saturday', 'Sunday'],
  label='Days of the Week'
)

print(dbutils.widgets.get("days_multiselect"))

# Tuesday
dbutils.widgets.multiselect(
  name='days_multiselect',
  defaultValue='Tuesday',
  choices=list('Monday', 'Tuesday', 'Wednesday', 'Thursday',
    'Friday', 'Saturday', 'Sunday'),
  label='Days of the Week'
)

print(dbutils.widgets.get("days_multiselect"))

# [1] "Tuesday"
dbutils.widgets.multiselect(
  "days_multiselect",
  "Tuesday",
  Array("Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday", "Thursday",
    "Friday", "Saturday", "Sunday"),
  "Days of the Week"
)

print(dbutils.widgets.get("days_multiselect"))

// Tuesday

remove command (dbutils.widgets.remove)

Removes the widget with the specified programmatic name.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.widgets.help("remove").

Important

If you add a command to remove a widget, you cannot add a subsequent command to create a widget in the same cell. You must create the widget in another cell.

This example removes the widget with the programmatic name fruits_combobox.

dbutils.widgets.remove('fruits_combobox')
dbutils.widgets.remove('fruits_combobox')
dbutils.widgets.remove("fruits_combobox")

removeAll command (dbutils.widgets.removeAll)

Removes all widgets from the notebook.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.widgets.help("removeAll").

Important

If you add a command to remove all widgets, you cannot add a subsequent command to create any widgets in the same cell. You must create the widgets in another cell.

This example removes all widgets from the notebook.

dbutils.widgets.removeAll()
dbutils.widgets.removeAll()
dbutils.widgets.removeAll()

text command (dbutils.widgets.text)

Creates and displays a text widget with the specified programmatic name, default value, and optional label.

To display help for this command, run dbutils.widgets.help("text").

This example creates and displays a text widget with the programmatic name your_name_text. It is set to the initial value of Enter your name. This text widget has an accompanying label Your name. This example ends by printing the initial value of the text widget, Enter your name.

dbutils.widgets.text(
  name='your_name_text',
  defaultValue='Enter your name',
  label='Your name'
)

print(dbutils.widgets.get("your_name_text"))

# Enter your name
dbutils.widgets.text(
  name='your_name_text',
  defaultValue='Enter your name',
  label='Your name'
)

print(dbutils.widgets.get("your_name_text"))

# [1] "Enter your name"
dbutils.widgets.text(
  "your_name_text",
  "Enter your name",
  "Your name"
)

print(dbutils.widgets.get("your_name_text"))

// Enter your name

Databricks Utilities API library

To accelerate application development, it can be helpful to compile, build, and test applications before you deploy them as production jobs. To enable you to compile against Databricks Utilities, Databricks provides the dbutils-api library. You can download the dbutils-api library from the DBUtils API webpage on the Maven Repository website or include the library by adding a dependency to your build file:

  • SBT

    libraryDependencies += "com.databricks" % "dbutils-api_TARGET" % "VERSION"
    
  • Maven

    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.databricks</groupId>
        <artifactId>dbutils-api_TARGET</artifactId>
        <version>VERSION</version>
    </dependency>
    
  • Gradle

    compile 'com.databricks:dbutils-api_TARGET:VERSION'
    

Replace TARGET with the desired target (for example 2.12) and VERSION with the desired version (for example 0.0.5). For a list of available targets and versions, see the DBUtils API webpage on the Maven Repository website.

Once you build your application against this library, you can deploy the application.

Important

The dbutils-api library allows you to locally compile an application that uses dbutils, but not to run it. To run the application, you must deploy it in Databricks.

Limitations

Calling dbutils inside of executors can produce unexpected results or potentially result in errors.

If you need to run file system operations on executors using dbutils, there are several faster and more scalable alternatives available:

For information about executors, see Cluster Mode Overview on the Apache Spark website.