first_value aggregate function

Applies to: check marked yes Databricks SQL check marked yes Databricks Runtime

Returns the first value of expr for a group of rows. This function is a synonym for first aggregate function.


first_value(expr[, ignoreNull]) [FILTER ( WHERE cond ) ]

This function can also be invoked as a window function using the OVER clause.


  • expr: An expression of any type.

  • ignoreNull: An optional BOOLEAN literal defaulting to false.

  • cond: An optional boolean expression filtering the rows used for aggregation.

  • IGNORE NULLS or RESPECT NULLS: When IGNORE NULLS is used or ignoreNull is true any expr value that is NULL is ignored. The default is RESPECT NULLS.


The result has the same type as expr.

This function is non-deterministic.


> SELECT first_value(col) FROM VALUES (10), (5), (20) AS tab(col);

> SELECT first_value(col) FROM VALUES (NULL), (5), (20) AS tab(col);

> SELECT first_value(col, true) FROM VALUES (NULL), (5), (20) AS tab(col);