Databricks Runtime 7.4 for Machine Learning

Databricks released this image in November 2020.

Databricks Runtime 7.4 for Machine Learning provides a ready-to-go environment for machine learning and data science based on Databricks Runtime 7.4. Databricks Runtime ML contains many popular machine learning libraries, including TensorFlow, PyTorch, and XGBoost. It also supports distributed deep learning training using Horovod.

For more information, including instructions for creating a Databricks Runtime ML cluster, see Databricks Runtime for Machine Learning.

New features and major changes

Databricks Runtime 7.4 ML is built on top of Databricks Runtime 7.4. For information on what’s new in Databricks Runtime 7.4, including Apache Spark MLlib and SparkR, see the Databricks Runtime 7.4 release notes.

Major changes to Databricks Runtime ML Scala environment

XGBoost is upgraded to 1.2.0. This version allows XGBoost to use GPUs on Spark clusters to improve training speed. There are several other changes, including some breaking changes. Refer to the XGBoost 1.2.0 release notes for more information.

Specifically, on CPU clusters, xgboost4j_2.12 and xgboost4j-spark_2.12 are upgraded from 1.0.0 to 1.2.0. On GPU clusters, these packages are removed, and version 1.2.0 of xgboost4j-gpu_2.12 and xgboost4j-spark-gpu_2.12 are installed instead.

GraphFrames is upgraded from 0.8.0-db2-spark3.0 to 0.8.1-db1-spark3.0.

Major changes to Databricks Runtime ML Python environment

See Databricks Runtime 7.4 for the major changes to the Databricks Runtime Python environment. For a full list of installed Python packages and their versions, see Python libraries.

Python packages upgraded

  • cloudpickle 1.3.0 -> 1.4.1
  • databricks-cli 0.11.0 -> 0.13.0
  • horovod 0.19.5 -> 0.20.3
  • petastorm 0.9.5 -> 0.9.6
  • plotly 4.9.0 -> 4.10.0
  • sparkdl 2.1.0-db1 -> 2.1.0-db2
  • tensorflow 2.3.0 -> 2.3.1
  • xgboost 1.1.1 -> 1.2.0

Improvements

System environment

The system environment in Databricks Runtime 7.4 ML differs from Databricks Runtime 7.4 as follows:

  • Open MPI is upgraded from 4.0.4 to 4.0.5
  • DBUtils: Databricks Runtime ML does not contain Library utilities. You can use %pip and %conda commands instead. See Notebook-scoped Python libraries.
  • For GPU clusters, Databricks Runtime ML includes the following NVIDIA GPU libraries:
    • CUDA 10.1 Update 2
    • cuDNN 7.6.5
    • NCCL 2.7.3
    • TensorRT 6.0.1

Libraries

The following sections list the libraries included in Databricks Runtime 7.4 ML that differ from those included in Databricks Runtime 7.4.

Python libraries

Databricks Runtime 7.4 ML uses Conda for Python package management and includes many popular ML packages.

In addition to the packages specified in the Conda environments in the following sections, Databricks Runtime 7.4 ML also installs the following packages:

  • hyperopt 0.2.4.db2
  • sparkdl 2.1.0-db2

Python libraries on CPU clusters

name: databricks-ml
channels:
  - pytorch
  - defaults
dependencies:
  - _libgcc_mutex=0.1=main
  - absl-py=0.9.0=py37_0
  - asn1crypto=1.3.0=py37_1
  - astor=0.8.0=py37_0
  - backcall=0.1.0=py37_0
  - backports=1.0=py_2
  - bcrypt=3.2.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - blas=1.0=mkl
  - blinker=1.4=py37_0
  - boto3=1.12.0=py_0
  - botocore=1.15.0=py_0
  - c-ares=1.16.1=h7b6447c_0
  - ca-certificates=2020.7.22=0
  - cachetools=4.1.1=py_0
  - certifi=2020.6.20=py37_0
  - cffi=1.14.0=py37h2e261b9_0
  - chardet=3.0.4=py37_1003
  - click=7.0=py37_0
  - cloudpickle=1.4.1=py_0
  - configparser=3.7.4=py37_0
  - cpuonly=1.0=0
  - cryptography=2.8=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - cycler=0.10.0=py37_0
  - cython=0.29.15=py37he6710b0_0
  - decorator=4.4.1=py_0
  - dill=0.3.1.1=py37_1
  - docutils=0.15.2=py37_0
  - entrypoints=0.3=py37_0
  - flask=1.1.1=py_1
  - freetype=2.9.1=h8a8886c_1
  - future=0.18.2=py37_1
  - gast=0.3.3=py_0
  - gitdb=4.0.5=py_0
  - gitpython=3.1.0=py_0
  - google-auth=1.11.2=py_0
  - google-auth-oauthlib=0.4.1=py_2
  - google-pasta=0.2.0=py_0
  - grpcio=1.27.2=py37hf8bcb03_0
  - gunicorn=20.0.4=py37_0
  - h5py=2.10.0=py37h7918eee_0
  - hdf5=1.10.4=hb1b8bf9_0
  - icu=58.2=he6710b0_3
  - idna=2.8=py37_0
  - intel-openmp=2020.0=166
  - ipykernel=5.1.4=py37h39e3cac_0
  - ipython=7.12.0=py37h5ca1d4c_0
  - ipython_genutils=0.2.0=py37_0
  - isodate=0.6.0=py_1
  - itsdangerous=1.1.0=py37_0
  - jedi=0.17.2=py37_0
  - jinja2=2.11.1=py_0
  - jmespath=0.10.0=py_0
  - joblib=0.14.1=py_0
  - jpeg=9b=h024ee3a_2
  - jupyter_client=5.3.4=py37_0
  - jupyter_core=4.6.1=py37_0
  - kiwisolver=1.1.0=py37he6710b0_0
  - krb5=1.16.4=h173b8e3_0
  - ld_impl_linux-64=2.33.1=h53a641e_7
  - libedit=3.1.20181209=hc058e9b_0
  - libffi=3.2.1=hf484d3e_1007
  - libgcc-ng=9.1.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libgfortran-ng=7.3.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libpng=1.6.37=hbc83047_0
  - libpq=11.2=h20c2e04_0
  - libprotobuf=3.11.4=hd408876_0
  - libsodium=1.0.16=h1bed415_0
  - libstdcxx-ng=9.1.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libtiff=4.1.0=h2733197_0
  - lightgbm=2.3.0=py37he6710b0_0
  - lz4-c=1.8.1.2=h14c3975_0
  - mako=1.1.2=py_0
  - markdown=3.1.1=py37_0
  - markupsafe=1.1.1=py37h14c3975_1
  - matplotlib-base=3.1.3=py37hef1b27d_0
  - mkl=2020.0=166
  - mkl-service=2.3.0=py37he904b0f_0
  - mkl_fft=1.0.15=py37ha843d7b_0
  - mkl_random=1.1.0=py37hd6b4f25_0
  - ncurses=6.2=he6710b0_1
  - networkx=2.4=py_1
  - ninja=1.10.1=py37hfd86e86_0
  - nltk=3.4.5=py37_0
  - numpy=1.18.1=py37h4f9e942_0
  - numpy-base=1.18.1=py37hde5b4d6_1
  - oauthlib=3.1.0=py_0
  - olefile=0.46=py37_0
  - openssl=1.1.1h=h7b6447c_0
  - packaging=20.1=py_0
  - pandas=1.0.1=py37h0573a6f_0
  - paramiko=2.7.1=py_0
  - parso=0.7.0=py_0
  - patsy=0.5.1=py37_0
  - pexpect=4.8.0=py37_1
  - pickleshare=0.7.5=py37_1001
  - pillow=7.0.0=py37hb39fc2d_0
  - pip=20.0.2=py37_3
  - plotly=4.10.0=py_0
  - prompt_toolkit=3.0.3=py_0
  - protobuf=3.11.4=py37he6710b0_0
  - psutil=5.6.7=py37h7b6447c_0
  - psycopg2=2.8.4=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - ptyprocess=0.6.0=py37_0
  - pyasn1=0.4.8=py_0
  - pyasn1-modules=0.2.8=py_0
  - pycparser=2.19=py37_0
  - pygments=2.5.2=py_0
  - pyjwt=1.7.1=py37_0
  - pynacl=1.3.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - pyodbc=4.0.30=py37he6710b0_0
  - pyopenssl=19.1.0=py_1
  - pyparsing=2.4.6=py_0
  - pysocks=1.7.1=py37_1
  - python=3.7.6=h0371630_2
  - python-dateutil=2.8.1=py_0
  - python-editor=1.0.4=py_0
  - pytorch=1.6.0=py3.7_cpu_0
  - pytz=2019.3=py_0
  - pyzmq=18.1.1=py37he6710b0_0
  - readline=7.0=h7b6447c_5
  - requests=2.22.0=py37_1
  - requests-oauthlib=1.3.0=py_0
  - retrying=1.3.3=py37_2
  - rsa=4.0=py_0
  - s3transfer=0.3.3=py37_1
  - scikit-learn=0.22.1=py37hd81dba3_0
  - scipy=1.4.1=py37h0b6359f_0
  - setuptools=45.2.0=py37_0
  - simplejson=3.17.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - six=1.14.0=py37_0
  - smmap=3.0.4=py_0
  - sqlite=3.31.1=h62c20be_1
  - sqlparse=0.3.0=py_0
  - statsmodels=0.11.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - tabulate=0.8.3=py37_0
  - tenacity=6.2.0=py37_0
  - tk=8.6.8=hbc83047_0
  - torchvision=0.7.0=py37_cpu
  - tornado=6.0.3=py37h7b6447c_3
  - tqdm=4.42.1=py_0
  - traitlets=4.3.3=py37_0
  - unixodbc=2.3.7=h14c3975_0
  - urllib3=1.25.8=py37_0
  - wcwidth=0.1.8=py_0
  - websocket-client=0.56.0=py37_0
  - werkzeug=1.0.0=py_0
  - wheel=0.34.2=py37_0
  - wrapt=1.11.2=py37h7b6447c_0
  - xz=5.2.4=h14c3975_4
  - zeromq=4.3.1=he6710b0_3
  - zlib=1.2.11=h7b6447c_3
  - zstd=1.3.7=h0b5b093_0
  - pip:
    - astunparse==1.6.3
    - azure-core==1.8.2
    - azure-storage-blob==12.5.0
    - databricks-cli==0.13.0
    - diskcache==5.0.3
    - docker==4.3.1
    - gorilla==0.3.0
    - horovod==0.20.3
    - joblibspark==0.2.0
    - keras-preprocessing==1.1.2
    - koalas==1.3.0
    - mleap==0.16.1
    - mlflow==1.11.0
    - msrest==0.6.19
    - opt-einsum==3.3.0
    - petastorm==0.9.6
    - pyarrow==1.0.1
    - pyyaml==5.3.1
    - querystring-parser==1.2.4
    - seaborn==0.10.0
    - spark-tensorflow-distributor==0.1.0
    - tensorboard==2.3.0
    - tensorboard-plugin-wit==1.7.0
    - tensorflow-cpu==2.3.1
    - tensorflow-estimator==2.3.0
    - termcolor==1.1.0
    - xgboost==1.2.0
prefix: /databricks/conda/envs/databricks-ml

Python libraries on GPU clusters

name: databricks-ml-gpu
channels:
  - pytorch
  - defaults
dependencies:
  - _libgcc_mutex=0.1=main
  - absl-py=0.9.0=py37_0
  - asn1crypto=1.3.0=py37_1
  - astor=0.8.0=py37_0
  - backcall=0.1.0=py37_0
  - backports=1.0=py_2
  - bcrypt=3.2.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - blas=1.0=mkl
  - blinker=1.4=py37_0
  - boto3=1.12.0=py_0
  - botocore=1.15.0=py_0
  - c-ares=1.16.1=h7b6447c_0
  - ca-certificates=2020.7.22=0
  - cachetools=4.1.1=py_0
  - certifi=2020.6.20=py37_0
  - cffi=1.14.0=py37h2e261b9_0
  - chardet=3.0.4=py37_1003
  - click=7.0=py37_0
  - cloudpickle=1.4.1=py_0
  - configparser=3.7.4=py37_0
  - cryptography=2.8=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - cudatoolkit=10.1.243=h6bb024c_0
  - cycler=0.10.0=py37_0
  - cython=0.29.15=py37he6710b0_0
  - decorator=4.4.1=py_0
  - dill=0.3.1.1=py37_1
  - docutils=0.15.2=py37_0
  - entrypoints=0.3=py37_0
  - flask=1.1.1=py_1
  - freetype=2.9.1=h8a8886c_1
  - future=0.18.2=py37_1
  - gast=0.3.3=py_0
  - gitdb=4.0.5=py_0
  - gitpython=3.1.0=py_0
  - google-auth=1.11.2=py_0
  - google-auth-oauthlib=0.4.1=py_2
  - google-pasta=0.2.0=py_0
  - grpcio=1.27.2=py37hf8bcb03_0
  - gunicorn=20.0.4=py37_0
  - h5py=2.10.0=py37h7918eee_0
  - hdf5=1.10.4=hb1b8bf9_0
  - icu=58.2=he6710b0_3
  - idna=2.8=py37_0
  - intel-openmp=2020.0=166
  - ipykernel=5.1.4=py37h39e3cac_0
  - ipython=7.12.0=py37h5ca1d4c_0
  - ipython_genutils=0.2.0=py37_0
  - isodate=0.6.0=py_1
  - itsdangerous=1.1.0=py37_0
  - jedi=0.17.2=py37_0
  - jinja2=2.11.1=py_0
  - jmespath=0.10.0=py_0
  - joblib=0.14.1=py_0
  - jpeg=9b=h024ee3a_2
  - jupyter_client=5.3.4=py37_0
  - jupyter_core=4.6.1=py37_0
  - kiwisolver=1.1.0=py37he6710b0_0
  - krb5=1.16.4=h173b8e3_0
  - ld_impl_linux-64=2.33.1=h53a641e_7
  - libedit=3.1.20181209=hc058e9b_0
  - libffi=3.2.1=hf484d3e_1007
  - libgcc-ng=9.1.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libgfortran-ng=7.3.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libpng=1.6.37=hbc83047_0
  - libpq=11.2=h20c2e04_0
  - libprotobuf=3.11.4=hd408876_0
  - libsodium=1.0.16=h1bed415_0
  - libstdcxx-ng=9.1.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libtiff=4.1.0=h2733197_0
  - lightgbm=2.3.0=py37he6710b0_0
  - lz4-c=1.8.1.2=h14c3975_0
  - mako=1.1.2=py_0
  - markdown=3.1.1=py37_0
  - markupsafe=1.1.1=py37h14c3975_1
  - matplotlib-base=3.1.3=py37hef1b27d_0
  - mkl=2020.0=166
  - mkl-service=2.3.0=py37he904b0f_0
  - mkl_fft=1.0.15=py37ha843d7b_0
  - mkl_random=1.1.0=py37hd6b4f25_0
  - ncurses=6.2=he6710b0_1
  - networkx=2.4=py_1
  - ninja=1.10.1=py37hfd86e86_0
  - nltk=3.4.5=py37_0
  - numpy=1.18.1=py37h4f9e942_0
  - numpy-base=1.18.1=py37hde5b4d6_1
  - oauthlib=3.1.0=py_0
  - olefile=0.46=py37_0
  - openssl=1.1.1h=h7b6447c_0
  - packaging=20.1=py_0
  - pandas=1.0.1=py37h0573a6f_0
  - paramiko=2.7.1=py_0
  - parso=0.7.0=py_0
  - patsy=0.5.1=py37_0
  - pexpect=4.8.0=py37_1
  - pickleshare=0.7.5=py37_1001
  - pillow=7.0.0=py37hb39fc2d_0
  - pip=20.0.2=py37_3
  - plotly=4.10.0=py_0
  - prompt_toolkit=3.0.3=py_0
  - protobuf=3.11.4=py37he6710b0_0
  - psutil=5.6.7=py37h7b6447c_0
  - psycopg2=2.8.4=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - ptyprocess=0.6.0=py37_0
  - pyasn1=0.4.8=py_0
  - pyasn1-modules=0.2.8=py_0
  - pycparser=2.19=py37_0
  - pygments=2.5.2=py_0
  - pyjwt=1.7.1=py37_0
  - pynacl=1.3.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - pyodbc=4.0.30=py37he6710b0_0
  - pyopenssl=19.1.0=py_1
  - pyparsing=2.4.6=py_0
  - pysocks=1.7.1=py37_1
  - python=3.7.6=h0371630_2
  - python-dateutil=2.8.1=py_0
  - python-editor=1.0.4=py_0
  - pytorch=1.6.0=py3.7_cuda10.1.243_cudnn7.6.3_0
  - pytz=2019.3=py_0
  - pyzmq=18.1.1=py37he6710b0_0
  - readline=7.0=h7b6447c_5
  - requests=2.22.0=py37_1
  - requests-oauthlib=1.3.0=py_0
  - retrying=1.3.3=py37_2
  - rsa=4.0=py_0
  - s3transfer=0.3.3=py37_1
  - scikit-learn=0.22.1=py37hd81dba3_0
  - scipy=1.4.1=py37h0b6359f_0
  - setuptools=45.2.0=py37_0
  - simplejson=3.17.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - six=1.14.0=py37_0
  - smmap=3.0.4=py_0
  - sqlite=3.31.1=h62c20be_1
  - sqlparse=0.3.0=py_0
  - statsmodels=0.11.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - tabulate=0.8.3=py37_0
  - tenacity=6.2.0=py37_0
  - tk=8.6.8=hbc83047_0
  - torchvision=0.7.0=py37_cu101
  - tornado=6.0.3=py37h7b6447c_3
  - tqdm=4.42.1=py_0
  - traitlets=4.3.3=py37_0
  - unixodbc=2.3.7=h14c3975_0
  - urllib3=1.25.8=py37_0
  - wcwidth=0.1.8=py_0
  - websocket-client=0.56.0=py37_0
  - werkzeug=1.0.0=py_0
  - wheel=0.34.2=py37_0
  - wrapt=1.11.2=py37h7b6447c_0
  - xz=5.2.4=h14c3975_4
  - zeromq=4.3.1=he6710b0_3
  - zlib=1.2.11=h7b6447c_3
  - zstd=1.3.7=h0b5b093_0
  - pip:
    - astunparse==1.6.3
    - azure-core==1.8.2
    - azure-storage-blob==12.5.0
    - databricks-cli==0.13.0
    - diskcache==5.0.3
    - docker==4.3.1
    - gorilla==0.3.0
    - horovod==0.20.3
    - joblibspark==0.2.0
    - keras-preprocessing==1.1.2
    - koalas==1.3.0
    - mleap==0.16.1
    - mlflow==1.11.0
    - msrest==0.6.19
    - opt-einsum==3.3.0
    - petastorm==0.9.6
    - pyarrow==1.0.1
    - pyyaml==5.3.1
    - querystring-parser==1.2.4
    - seaborn==0.10.0
    - spark-tensorflow-distributor==0.1.0
    - tensorboard==2.3.0
    - tensorboard-plugin-wit==1.7.0
    - tensorflow==2.3.1
    - tensorflow-estimator==2.3.0
    - termcolor==1.1.0
    - xgboost==1.2.0
prefix: /databricks/conda/envs/databricks-ml-gpu

Spark packages containing Python modules

Spark Package Python Module Version
graphframes graphframes 0.8.1-db1-spark3.0

R libraries

The R libraries are identical to the R Libraries in Databricks Runtime 7.4.

Java and Scala libraries (Scala 2.12 cluster)

In addition to Java and Scala libraries in Databricks Runtime 7.4, Databricks Runtime 7.4 ML contains the following JARs:

CPU clusters

Group ID Artifact ID Version
com.typesafe.akka akka-actor_2.12 2.5.23
ml.combust.mleap mleap-databricks-runtime_2.12 0.17.3-4882dc3
ml.dmlc xgboost4j-spark_2.12 1.2.0
ml.dmlc xgboost4j_2.12 1.2.0
org.mlflow mlflow-client 1.11.0
org.scala-lang.modules scala-java8-compat_2.12 0.8.0
org.tensorflow spark-tensorflow-connector_2.12 1.15.0

GPU clusters

Group ID Artifact ID Version
com.typesafe.akka akka-actor_2.12 2.5.23
ml.combust.mleap mleap-databricks-runtime_2.12 0.17.3-4882dc3
ml.dmlc xgboost4j-spark-gpu_2.12 1.2.0
ml.dmlc xgboost4j-gpu_2.12 1.2.0
org.mlflow mlflow-client 1.11.0
org.scala-lang.modules scala-java8-compat_2.12 0.8.0
org.tensorflow spark-tensorflow-connector_2.12 1.15.0