TRUNCATE TABLE

The TRUNCATE TABLE statement removes all the rows from a table or partition(s). The table must not be a view or an external/temporary table. In order to truncate multiple partitions at once, the user can specify the partitions in partition_spec. If no partition_spec is specified it will remove all partitions in the table.

Syntax

TRUNCATE TABLE table_identifier [ partition_spec ]

Parameters

  • table_identifier

    Specifies a table name, which may be optionally qualified with a database name.

    Syntax: [ database_name. ] table_name

  • partition_spec

    An optional parameter that specifies a comma separated list of key and value pairs for partitions.

    Syntax: PARTITION ( partition_col_name  = partition_col_val [ , ... ] )

Examples

-- Create table Student with partition
CREATE TABLE Student (name STRING, rollno INT) PARTITIONED BY (age INT);

SELECT * FROM Student;
+----+------+---+
|name|rollno|age|
+----+------+---+
| ABC|     1| 10|
| DEF|     2| 10|
| XYZ|     3| 12|
+----+------+---+

-- Removes all rows from the table in the partition specified
TRUNCATE TABLE Student partition(age=10);

-- After truncate execution, records belonging to partition age=10 are removed
SELECT * FROM Student;
+----+------+---+
|name|rollno|age|
+----+------+---+
| XYZ|     3| 12|
+----+------+---+

-- Removes all rows from the table from all partitions
TRUNCATE TABLE Student;

SELECT * FROM Student;
+----+------+---+
|name|rollno|age|
+----+------+---+
+----+------+---+