QUALIFY clause

Filters the results of window functions. To use QUALIFY, at least one window function is required to be present in the SELECT list or the QUALIFY clause.

Note

Available in Databricks Runtime 10.0 and above.

Syntax

QUALIFY boolean_expression

Parameters

  • boolean_expression

    Any expression that evaluates to a result type boolean. Two or more expressions may be combined together using the logical operators ( AND, OR).

    The expressions specified in the QUALIFY clause cannot contain aggregate functions.

Examples

CREATE TABLE dealer (id INT, city STRING, car_model STRING, quantity INT);
INSERT INTO dealer VALUES
    (100, 'Fremont', 'Honda Civic', 10),
    (100, 'Fremont', 'Honda Accord', 15),
    (100, 'Fremont', 'Honda CRV', 7),
    (200, 'Dublin', 'Honda Civic', 20),
    (200, 'Dublin', 'Honda Accord', 10),
    (200, 'Dublin', 'Honda CRV', 3),
    (300, 'San Jose', 'Honda Civic', 5),
    (300, 'San Jose', 'Honda Accord', 8);

-- QUALIFY with window functions in the SELECT list.
> SELECT
    city,
    car_model,
    RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY car_model ORDER BY quantity) AS rank
  FROM dealer
  QUALIFY rank = 1;
 city     car_model    rank
 -------- ------------ ----
 San Jose Honda Accord 1
 Dublin   Honda CRV    1
 San Jose Honda Civic  1

-- QUALIFY with window functions in the QUALIFY clause.
SELECT city, car_model
FROM dealer
QUALIFY RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY car_model ORDER BY quantity) = 1;
 city     car_model
 -------- ------------
 San Jose Honda Accord
 Dublin   Honda CRV
 San Jose Honda Civic