date_trunc function

Applies to: check marked yes Databricks SQL check marked yes Databricks Runtime

Returns timestamp truncated to the unit specified in field.

Syntax

date_trunc(field, expr)

Arguments

  • field: A STRING literal.

  • expr: A DATE, TIMESTAMP, or STRING with a valid timestamp format.

Returns

A TIMESTAMP.

Valid units for field are:

  • ‘YEAR’, ‘YYYY’, ‘YY’: truncate to the first date of the year that the expr falls in, the time part will be zero out

  • ‘QUARTER’: truncate to the first date of the quarter that the expr falls in, the time part will be zero out

  • ‘MONTH’, ‘MM’, ‘MON’: truncate to the first date of the month that the expr falls in, the time part will be zero out

  • ‘WEEK’: truncate to the Monday of the week that the expr falls in, the time part will be zero out

  • ‘DAY’, ‘DD’: zero out the time part

  • ‘HOUR’: zero out the minute and second with fraction part

  • ‘MINUTE’- zero out the second with fraction part

  • ‘SECOND’: zero out the second fraction part

  • ‘MILLISECOND’: zero out the microseconds

  • ‘MICROSECOND’: everything remains

Examples

> SELECT date_trunc('YEAR', '2015-03-05T09:32:05.359');
 2015-01-01 00:00:00
> SELECT date_trunc('MM', '2015-03-05T09:32:05.359');
 2015-03-01 00:00:00
> SELECT date_trunc('DD', '2015-03-05T09:32:05.359');
 2015-03-05 00:00:00
> SELECT date_trunc('HOUR', '2015-03-05T09:32:05.359');
 2015-03-05 09:00:00
> SELECT date_trunc('MILLISECOND', '2015-03-05T09:32:05.123456');
 2015-03-05 09:32:05.123