EXPLAIN

Provides the logical or physical plans for an input statement. By default, this clause provides information about a physical plan only.

Syntax

EXPLAIN [ EXTENDED | CODEGEN | COST | FORMATTED ] statement

Parameters

  • EXTENDED

    Generates parsed logical plan, analyzed logical plan, optimized logical plan and physical plan. Parsed Logical plan is a unresolved plan that extracted from the query. Analyzed logical plans transforms which translates unresolvedAttribute and unresolvedRelation into fully typed objects. The optimized logical plan transforms through a set of optimization rules, resulting in the physical plan.

  • CODEGEN

    Generates code for the statement, if any and a physical plan.

  • COST

    If plan node statistics are available, generates a logical plan and the statistics.

  • FORMATTED

    Generates two sections: a physical plan outline and node details.

  • statement

    A SQL statement to be explained.

Examples

-- Default Output
EXPLAIN select k, sum(v) from values (1, 2), (1, 3) t(k, v) group by k;
+----------------------------------------------------+
|                                                plan|
+----------------------------------------------------+
| == Physical Plan ==
 *(2) HashAggregate(keys=[k#33], functions=[sum(cast(v#34 as bigint))])
 +- Exchange hashpartitioning(k#33, 200), true, [id=#59]
    +- *(1) HashAggregate(keys=[k#33], functions=[partial_sum(cast(v#34 as bigint))])
       +- *(1) LocalTableScan [k#33, v#34]
|
+----------------------------------------------------

-- Using Extended
EXPLAIN EXTENDED select k, sum(v) from values (1, 2), (1, 3) t(k, v) group by k;
+----------------------------------------------------+
|                                                plan|
+----------------------------------------------------+
| == Parsed Logical Plan ==
 'Aggregate ['k], ['k, unresolvedalias('sum('v), None)]
 +- 'SubqueryAlias `t`
    +- 'UnresolvedInlineTable [k, v], [List(1, 2), List(1, 3)]

 == Analyzed Logical Plan ==
 k: int, sum(v): bigint
 Aggregate [k#47], [k#47, sum(cast(v#48 as bigint)) AS sum(v)#50L]
 +- SubqueryAlias `t`
    +- LocalRelation [k#47, v#48]

 == Optimized Logical Plan ==
 Aggregate [k#47], [k#47, sum(cast(v#48 as bigint)) AS sum(v)#50L]
 +- LocalRelation [k#47, v#48]

 == Physical Plan ==
 *(2) HashAggregate(keys=[k#47], functions=[sum(cast(v#48 as bigint))], output=[k#47, sum(v)#50L])
+- Exchange hashpartitioning(k#47, 200), true, [id=#79]
   +- *(1) HashAggregate(keys=[k#47], functions=[partial_sum(cast(v#48 as bigint))], output=[k#47, sum#52L])
    +- *(1) LocalTableScan [k#47, v#48]
|
+----------------------------------------------------+

-- Using Formatted
EXPLAIN FORMATTED select k, sum(v) from values (1, 2), (1, 3) t(k, v) group by k;
+----------------------------------------------------+
|                                                plan|
+----------------------------------------------------+
| == Physical Plan ==
 * HashAggregate (4)
 +- Exchange (3)
    +- * HashAggregate (2)
       +- * LocalTableScan (1)


 (1) LocalTableScan [codegen id : 1]
 Output: [k#19, v#20]

 (2) HashAggregate [codegen id : 1]
 Input: [k#19, v#20]

 (3) Exchange
 Input: [k#19, sum#24L]

 (4) HashAggregate [codegen id : 2]
 Input: [k#19, sum#24L]
|
+----------------------------------------------------+