LIMIT clause (Databricks SQL)

Constrains the number of rows returned by the Query (Databricks SQL). In general, this clause is used in conjunction with ORDER BY to ensure that the results are deterministic.

Syntax

LIMIT { ALL | integer_expression }

Parameters

  • ALL

    If specified, the query returns all the rows. In other words, no limit is applied if this option is specified.

  • integer_expression

    A literal expression that returns an integer.

Examples

> CREATE TEMP VIEW person (name, age)
    AS VALUES ('Zen Hui', 25),
              ('Anil B' , 18),
              ('Shone S', 16),
              ('Mike A' , 25),
              ('John A' , 18),
              ('Jack N' , 16);

-- Select the first two rows.
> SELECT name, age FROM person ORDER BY name LIMIT 2;
 Anil B  18
 Jack N  16

-- Specifying ALL option on LIMIT returns all the rows.
> SELECT name, age FROM person ORDER BY name LIMIT ALL;
  Anil B  18
  Jack N  16
  John A  18
  Mike A  25
 Shone S  16
 Zen Hui  25

-- A function expression as an input to LIMIT.
> SELECT name, age FROM person ORDER BY name LIMIT length('SPARK');
  Anil B  18
  Jack N  16
  John A  18
  Mike A  25
 Shone S  16

-- A non-literal expression as an input to LIMIT is not allowed.
SELECT name, age FROM person ORDER BY name LIMIT length(name);
Error: The limit expression must evaluate to a constant value