Databricks Runtime 6.2 ML

Databricks released this image in December 2019.

Databricks Runtime 6.2 ML provides a ready-to-go environment for machine learning and data science based on Databricks Runtime 6.2. Databricks Runtime ML contains many popular machine learning libraries, including TensorFlow, PyTorch, Keras, and XGBoost. It also supports distributed deep learning training using Horovod.

For more information, including instructions for creating a Databricks Runtime ML cluster, see Databricks Runtime for Machine Learning.

New features

Databricks Runtime 6.2 ML is built on top of Databricks Runtime 6.2. For information on what’s new in Databricks Runtime 6.2, see the Databricks Runtime 6.2 release notes.

Improvements

Upgraded machine learning libraries

  • TensorFlow and TensorBoard: 1.14.0 to 1.15.0. There are two known issues:

    • You might need to import tensorflow modules explicitly in your function to avoid pickling issues in PySpark, HorovodRunner, HyperOpt, and other machine learning libraries. See TensorFlow 2 known issues.
    • The Projector tab in TensorBoard is blank. As a workaround, to visit the projector page directly, you can replace #projector in the URL by data/plugin/projector/projector_binary.html.
  • Keras: 2.2.4 to 2.2.5.

    Note

    If you use the TensorFlow backend for Keras, Databricks recommends using tf.keras instead.

  • PyTorch: 1.2.0 to 1.3.0.

  • tensorboardX: 1.8 to 1.9.

    Note

    Because PyTorch now officially supports TensorBoard, we will remove tensorboardX in the next major release.

  • MLflow: 1.3.0 to 1.4.0.

    • Keras and TensorFlow autologging and Keras model persistence APIs are now compatible with TensorFlow 2.0.
    • New get_run, get_experiment, get_experiment_by_name functions
  • Hyperopt: 0.2-db1 with Databricks MLflow integrations.

  • mleap-databricks-runtime to 0.15.0 and includes mleap-xgboost-runtime.

Added support for broadcast variables to SparkTrials

Previously, Hyperopt with SparkTrials could not be used with PySpark broadcast variables. Now, broadcast variables can be included in the function fn passed to fmin().

Deprecations

In addition to deprecations in Databricks Runtime 6.2, the following packages are deprecated and will be removed in the next major release:

  • TensorFrames. Use pandas UDF instead.
  • A few modules and classes in the Python package sparkdl. The major ones are:
    • sparkdl.HorovodEstimator. Use sparkdl.HorovodRunner instead.
    • sparkdl.graph. Use a pandas UDF instead.
    • sparkdl.udf. Use a pandas UDF instead.
    • The Transformers and Estimators used in Spark ML pipelines are deprecated. Use the following alternatives:
      • Use a pandas UDF as a replacement for the following Transformers:
        • TFImageTransformer
        • TFTransformer
        • DeepImagePredictor
        • DeepImageFeaturizer
        • KerasImageFileTransformer
        • KerasTransformer
      • KerasImageFileEstimator: For tuning deep learning models, use Hyperopt instead.

For more details and recommended alternatives, look at the deprecation messages when you use these packages in a notebook.

Bug fixes

In Databricks Community Edition, PySpark workers can now find pre-installed Spark Packages.

System environment

The system environment in Databricks Runtime 6.2 ML differs from Databricks Runtime 6.2 as follows:

  • DBUtils: Does not contain Library utilities.
  • For GPU clusters, the following NVIDIA GPU libraries:
    • NVIDIA driver 418.40
    • CUDA 10.0
    • cuDNN 7.6.4
    • NCCL 2.4.7

Libraries

The following sections list the libraries included in Databricks Runtime 6.2 ML that differ from those included in Databricks Runtime 6.2.

Python libraries

Databricks Runtime 6.2 ML uses Conda for Python package management and includes many popular ML packages. The following section describes the Conda environment for Databricks Runtime 6.2 ML.

Python on CPU clusters

name: databricks-ml
channels:
  - Databricks
  - pytorch
  - defaults
dependencies:
  - _libgcc_mutex=0.1=main
  - _py-xgboost-mutex=2.0=cpu_0
  - _tflow_select=2.3.0=mkl
  - absl-py=0.8.1=py37_0
  - asn1crypto=0.24.0=py37_0
  - astor=0.8.0=py37_0
  - backcall=0.1.0=py37_0
  - backports=1.0=py_2
  - bcrypt=3.1.7=py37h7b6447c_0
  - blas=1.0=mkl
  - boto=2.49.0=py37_0
  - boto3=1.9.162=py_0
  - botocore=1.12.163=py_0
  - c-ares=1.15.0=h7b6447c_1001
  - ca-certificates=2019.1.23=0
  - certifi=2019.3.9=py37_0
  - cffi=1.12.2=py37h2e261b9_1
  - chardet=3.0.4=py37_1003
  - click=7.0=py_0
  - cloudpickle=0.8.0=py37_0
  - colorama=0.4.1=py_0
  - configparser=3.7.4=py37_0
  - cpuonly=1.0=0
  - cryptography=2.6.1=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - cycler=0.10.0=py37_0
  - cython=0.29.6=py37he6710b0_0
  - decorator=4.4.0=py37_1
  - docutils=0.14=py37_0
  - entrypoints=0.3=py37_0
  - et_xmlfile=1.0.1=py37_0
  - flask=1.0.2=py37_1
  - freetype=2.9.1=h8a8886c_1
  - future=0.17.1=py37_0
  - gast=0.2.2=py37_0
  - gitdb2=2.0.6=py_0
  - gitpython=2.1.11=py37_0
  - google-pasta=0.1.8=py_0
  - grpcio=1.16.1=py37hf8bcb03_1
  - gunicorn=19.9.0=py37_0
  - h5py=2.9.0=py37h7918eee_0
  - hdf5=1.10.4=hb1b8bf9_0
  - html5lib=1.0.1=py_0
  - icu=58.2=h9c2bf20_1
  - idna=2.8=py37_0
  - intel-openmp=2019.3=199
  - ipython=7.4.0=py37h39e3cac_0
  - ipython_genutils=0.2.0=py37_0
  - itsdangerous=1.1.0=py_0
  - jdcal=1.4=py37_0
  - jedi=0.13.3=py37_0
  - jinja2=2.10=py37_0
  - jmespath=0.9.4=py_0
  - jpeg=9b=h024ee3a_2
  - keras-applications=1.0.8=py_0
  - keras-preprocessing=1.1.0=py_1
  - kiwisolver=1.0.1=py37hf484d3e_0
  - krb5=1.16.1=h173b8e3_7
  - libedit=3.1.20181209=hc058e9b_0
  - libffi=3.2.1=hd88cf55_4
  - libgcc-ng=8.2.0=hdf63c60_1
  - libgfortran-ng=7.3.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libpng=1.6.36=hbc83047_0
  - libpq=11.2=h20c2e04_0
  - libprotobuf=3.9.2=hd408876_0
  - libsodium=1.0.16=h1bed415_0
  - libstdcxx-ng=8.2.0=hdf63c60_1
  - libtiff=4.0.10=h2733197_2
  - libxgboost=0.90=he6710b0_1
  - libxml2=2.9.9=hea5a465_1
  - libxslt=1.1.33=h7d1a2b0_0
  - llvmlite=0.28.0=py37hd408876_0
  - lxml=4.3.2=py37hefd8a0e_0
  - mako=1.0.10=py_0
  - markdown=3.1.1=py37_0
  - markupsafe=1.1.1=py37h7b6447c_0
  - mkl=2019.3=199
  - mkl_fft=1.0.10=py37ha843d7b_0
  - mkl_random=1.0.2=py37hd81dba3_0
  - ncurses=6.1=he6710b0_1
  - networkx=2.2=py37_1
  - ninja=1.9.0=py37hfd86e86_0
  - nose=1.3.7=py37_2
  - numba=0.43.1=py37h962f231_0
  - numpy=1.16.2=py37h7e9f1db_0
  - numpy-base=1.16.2=py37hde5b4d6_0
  - olefile=0.46=py_0
  - openpyxl=2.6.1=py37_1
  - openssl=1.1.1b=h7b6447c_1
  - opt_einsum=3.1.0=py_0
  - pandas=0.24.2=py37he6710b0_0
  - paramiko=2.4.2=py37_0
  - parso=0.3.4=py37_0
  - pathlib2=2.3.3=py37_0
  - patsy=0.5.1=py37_0
  - pexpect=4.6.0=py37_0
  - pickleshare=0.7.5=py37_0
  - pillow=5.4.1=py37h34e0f95_0
  - pip=19.0.3=py37_0
  - ply=3.11=py37_0
  - prompt_toolkit=2.0.9=py37_0
  - protobuf=3.9.2=py37he6710b0_0
  - psutil=5.6.1=py37h7b6447c_0
  - psycopg2=2.7.6.1=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - ptyprocess=0.6.0=py37_0
  - py-xgboost=0.90=py37he6710b0_1
  - py-xgboost-cpu=0.90=py37_1
  - pyasn1=0.4.8=py_0
  - pycparser=2.19=py_0
  - pygments=2.3.1=py37_0
  - pymongo=3.8.0=py37he6710b0_1
  - pynacl=1.3.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - pyopenssl=19.0.0=py37_0
  - pyparsing=2.3.1=py37_0
  - pysocks=1.6.8=py37_0
  - python=3.7.3=h0371630_0
  - python-dateutil=2.8.0=py37_0
  - python-editor=1.0.4=py_0
  - pytorch=1.3.0=py3.7_cpu_0
  - pytz=2018.9=py37_0
  - pyyaml=5.1=py37h7b6447c_0
  - readline=7.0=h7b6447c_5
  - requests=2.21.0=py37_0
  - s3transfer=0.2.1=py37_0
  - scikit-learn=0.20.3=py37hd81dba3_0
  - scipy=1.2.1=py37h7c811a0_0
  - setuptools=40.8.0=py37_0
  - simplejson=3.16.0=py37h14c3975_0
  - singledispatch=3.4.0.3=py37_0
  - six=1.12.0=py37_0
  - smmap2=2.0.5=py_0
  - sqlite=3.27.2=h7b6447c_0
  - sqlparse=0.3.0=py_0
  - statsmodels=0.9.0=py37h035aef0_0
  - tabulate=0.8.3=py37_0
  - tensorboard=1.15.0+db2=pyhb230dea_0
  - tensorflow=1.15.0+db2=mkl_py37hc5fbf04_0
  - tensorflow-base=1.15.0+db2=mkl_py37h2ae1e84_0
  - tensorflow-estimator=1.15.1+db2=pyh2649769_0
  - tensorflow-mkl=1.15.0+db2=h4fcabd2_0
  - termcolor=1.1.0=py37_1
  - tk=8.6.8=hbc83047_0
  - torchvision=0.4.1=py37_cpu
  - tqdm=4.31.1=py37_1
  - traitlets=4.3.2=py37_0
  - urllib3=1.24.1=py37_0
  - virtualenv=16.0.0=py37_0
  - wcwidth=0.1.7=py37_0
  - webencodings=0.5.1=py37_1
  - websocket-client=0.56.0=py37_0
  - werkzeug=0.14.1=py37_0
  - wheel=0.33.1=py37_0
  - wrapt=1.11.1=py37h7b6447c_0
  - xz=5.2.4=h14c3975_4
  - yaml=0.1.7=had09818_2
  - zlib=1.2.11=h7b6447c_3
  - zstd=1.3.7=h0b5b093_0
  - pip:
    - argparse==1.4.0
    - databricks-cli==0.9.1
    - deprecated==1.2.7
    - docker==4.1.0
    - fusepy==2.0.4
    - gorilla==0.3.0
    - horovod==0.18.2
    - hyperopt==0.2.1.db1
    - keras==2.2.5
    - matplotlib==3.0.3
    - mleap==0.8.1
    - mlflow==1.4.0
    - nose-exclude==0.5.0
    - pyarrow==0.13.0
    - querystring-parser==1.2.4
    - seaborn==0.9.0
    - tensorboardx==1.9
prefix: /databricks/conda/envs/databricks-ml

Python on GPU clusters

name: databricks-ml-gpu
channels:
  - Databricks
  - pytorch
  - defaults
dependencies:
  - _libgcc_mutex=0.1=main
  - _py-xgboost-mutex=1.0=gpu_0
  - _tflow_select=2.1.0=gpu
  - absl-py=0.8.1=py37_0
  - asn1crypto=0.24.0=py37_0
  - astor=0.8.0=py37_0
  - backcall=0.1.0=py37_0
  - backports=1.0=py_2
  - bcrypt=3.1.7=py37h7b6447c_0
  - blas=1.0=mkl
  - boto=2.49.0=py37_0
  - boto3=1.9.162=py_0
  - botocore=1.12.163=py_0
  - c-ares=1.15.0=h7b6447c_1001
  - ca-certificates=2019.1.23=0
  - certifi=2019.3.9=py37_0
  - cffi=1.12.2=py37h2e261b9_1
  - chardet=3.0.4=py37_1003
  - click=7.0=py_0
  - cloudpickle=0.8.0=py37_0
  - colorama=0.4.1=py_0
  - configparser=3.7.4=py37_0
  - cryptography=2.6.1=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - cudatoolkit=10.0.130=0
  - cudnn=7.6.4=cuda10.0_0
  - cupti=10.0.130=0
  - cycler=0.10.0=py37_0
  - cython=0.29.6=py37he6710b0_0
  - decorator=4.4.0=py37_1
  - docutils=0.14=py37_0
  - entrypoints=0.3=py37_0
  - et_xmlfile=1.0.1=py37_0
  - flask=1.0.2=py37_1
  - freetype=2.9.1=h8a8886c_1
  - future=0.17.1=py37_0
  - gast=0.2.2=py37_0
  - gitdb2=2.0.6=py_0
  - gitpython=2.1.11=py37_0
  - google-pasta=0.1.8=py_0
  - grpcio=1.16.1=py37hf8bcb03_1
  - gunicorn=19.9.0=py37_0
  - h5py=2.9.0=py37h7918eee_0
  - hdf5=1.10.4=hb1b8bf9_0
  - html5lib=1.0.1=py_0
  - icu=58.2=h9c2bf20_1
  - idna=2.8=py37_0
  - intel-openmp=2019.3=199
  - ipython=7.4.0=py37h39e3cac_0
  - ipython_genutils=0.2.0=py37_0
  - itsdangerous=1.1.0=py_0
  - jdcal=1.4=py37_0
  - jedi=0.13.3=py37_0
  - jinja2=2.10=py37_0
  - jmespath=0.9.4=py_0
  - jpeg=9b=h024ee3a_2
  - keras-applications=1.0.8=py_0
  - keras-preprocessing=1.1.0=py_1
  - kiwisolver=1.0.1=py37hf484d3e_0
  - krb5=1.16.1=h173b8e3_7
  - libedit=3.1.20181209=hc058e9b_0
  - libffi=3.2.1=hd88cf55_4
  - libgcc-ng=8.2.0=hdf63c60_1
  - libgfortran-ng=7.3.0=hdf63c60_0
  - libpng=1.6.36=hbc83047_0
  - libpq=11.2=h20c2e04_0
  - libprotobuf=3.9.2=hd408876_0
  - libsodium=1.0.16=h1bed415_0
  - libstdcxx-ng=8.2.0=hdf63c60_1
  - libtiff=4.0.10=h2733197_2
  - libxgboost=0.90=h688424c_0
  - libxml2=2.9.9=hea5a465_1
  - libxslt=1.1.33=h7d1a2b0_0
  - llvmlite=0.28.0=py37hd408876_0
  - lxml=4.3.2=py37hefd8a0e_0
  - mako=1.0.10=py_0
  - markdown=3.1.1=py37_0
  - markupsafe=1.1.1=py37h7b6447c_0
  - mkl=2019.3=199
  - mkl_fft=1.0.10=py37ha843d7b_0
  - mkl_random=1.0.2=py37hd81dba3_0
  - ncurses=6.1=he6710b0_1
  - networkx=2.2=py37_1
  - ninja=1.9.0=py37hfd86e86_0
  - nose=1.3.7=py37_2
  - numba=0.43.1=py37h962f231_0
  - numpy=1.16.2=py37h7e9f1db_0
  - numpy-base=1.16.2=py37hde5b4d6_0
  - olefile=0.46=py_0
  - openpyxl=2.6.1=py37_1
  - openssl=1.1.1b=h7b6447c_1
  - opt_einsum=3.1.0=py_0
  - pandas=0.24.2=py37he6710b0_0
  - paramiko=2.4.2=py37_0
  - parso=0.3.4=py37_0
  - pathlib2=2.3.3=py37_0
  - patsy=0.5.1=py37_0
  - pexpect=4.6.0=py37_0
  - pickleshare=0.7.5=py37_0
  - pillow=5.4.1=py37h34e0f95_0
  - pip=19.0.3=py37_0
  - ply=3.11=py37_0
  - prompt_toolkit=2.0.9=py37_0
  - protobuf=3.9.2=py37he6710b0_0
  - psutil=5.6.1=py37h7b6447c_0
  - psycopg2=2.7.6.1=py37h1ba5d50_0
  - ptyprocess=0.6.0=py37_0
  - py-xgboost=0.90=py37h688424c_0
  - py-xgboost-gpu=0.90=py37h28bbb66_0
  - pyasn1=0.4.8=py_0
  - pycparser=2.19=py_0
  - pygments=2.3.1=py37_0
  - pymongo=3.8.0=py37he6710b0_1
  - pynacl=1.3.0=py37h7b6447c_0
  - pyopenssl=19.0.0=py37_0
  - pyparsing=2.3.1=py37_0
  - pysocks=1.6.8=py37_0
  - python=3.7.3=h0371630_0
  - python-dateutil=2.8.0=py37_0
  - python-editor=1.0.4=py_0
  - pytorch=1.3.0=py3.7_cuda10.0.130_cudnn7.6.3_0
  - pytz=2018.9=py37_0
  - pyyaml=5.1=py37h7b6447c_0
  - readline=7.0=h7b6447c_5
  - requests=2.21.0=py37_0
  - s3transfer=0.2.1=py37_0
  - scikit-learn=0.20.3=py37hd81dba3_0
  - scipy=1.2.1=py37h7c811a0_0
  - setuptools=40.8.0=py37_0
  - simplejson=3.16.0=py37h14c3975_0
  - singledispatch=3.4.0.3=py37_0
  - six=1.12.0=py37_0
  - smmap2=2.0.5=py_0
  - sqlite=3.27.2=h7b6447c_0
  - sqlparse=0.3.0=py_0
  - statsmodels=0.9.0=py37h035aef0_0
  - tabulate=0.8.3=py37_0
  - tensorboard=1.15.0+db2=pyhb230dea_0
  - tensorflow=1.15.0+db2=gpu_py37h9fd0ff8_0
  - tensorflow-base=1.15.0+db2=gpu_py37hd56f5dd_0
  - tensorflow-estimator=1.15.1+db2=pyh2649769_0
  - tensorflow-gpu=1.15.0+db2=h0d30ee6_0
  - termcolor=1.1.0=py37_1
  - tk=8.6.8=hbc83047_0
  - torchvision=0.4.1=py37_cu100
  - tqdm=4.31.1=py37_1
  - traitlets=4.3.2=py37_0
  - urllib3=1.24.1=py37_0
  - virtualenv=16.0.0=py37_0
  - wcwidth=0.1.7=py37_0
  - webencodings=0.5.1=py37_1
  - websocket-client=0.56.0=py37_0
  - werkzeug=0.14.1=py37_0
  - wheel=0.33.1=py37_0
  - wrapt=1.11.1=py37h7b6447c_0
  - xz=5.2.4=h14c3975_4
  - yaml=0.1.7=had09818_2
  - zlib=1.2.11=h7b6447c_3
  - zstd=1.3.7=h0b5b093_0
  - pip:
    - argparse==1.4.0
    - databricks-cli==0.9.1
    - deprecated==1.2.7
    - docker==4.1.0
    - fusepy==2.0.4
    - gorilla==0.3.0
    - horovod==0.18.2
    - hyperopt==0.2.1.db1
    - keras==2.2.5
    - matplotlib==3.0.3
    - mleap==0.8.1
    - mlflow==1.4.0
    - nose-exclude==0.5.0
    - pyarrow==0.13.0
    - querystring-parser==1.2.4
    - seaborn==0.9.0
    - tensorboardx==1.9
prefix: /databricks/conda/envs/databricks-ml-gpu

Spark packages containing Python modules

Spark Package Python Module Version
graphframes graphframes 0.7.0-db1-spark2.4
spark-deep-learning sparkdl 1.5.0-db12-spark2.4
tensorframes tensorframes 0.8.2-s_2.11

R libraries

The R libraries are identical to the R Libraries in Databricks Runtime 6.2.

Java and Scala libraries (Scala 2.11 cluster)

In addition to Java and Scala libraries in Databricks Runtime 6.2, Databricks Runtime 6.2 ML contains the following JARs:

Group ID Artifact ID Version
com.databricks spark-deep-learning 1.5.0-db12-spark2.4
com.typesafe.akka akka-actor_2.11 2.3.11
ml.combust.mleap mleap-databricks-runtime_2.11 0.15.0
ml.dmlc xgboost4j 0.90
ml.dmlc xgboost4j-spark 0.90
org.graphframes graphframes_2.11 0.7.0-db1-spark2.4
org.mlflow mlflow-client 1.4.0
org.tensorflow libtensorflow 1.15.0
org.tensorflow libtensorflow_jni 1.15.0
org.tensorflow spark-tensorflow-connector_2.11 1.15.0
org.tensorflow tensorflow 1.15.0
org.tensorframes tensorframes 0.8.2-s_2.11