ai_summarize function

Applies to: check marked yes Databricks SQL


This feature is in Public Preview.

In the preview:

  • The underlying language model can handle several languages, however these functions are tuned for English.

  • There is rate limiting for the underlying Foundation Model APIs. See Foundation Model APIs limits to update these limits.

The ai_summarize() function allows you to invoke a state-of-the-art generative AI model to generate a summary of a given text using SQL. This function uses a chat model serving endpoint made available by Databricks Foundation Model APIs.



The underlying models that might be used at this time are licensed under the Apache 2.0 license or Llama 2 community license. Databricks recommends reviewing these licenses to ensure compliance with any applicable terms. If models emerge in the future that perform better according to Databricks’s internal benchmarks, Databricks may change the model (and the list of applicable licenses provided on this page).

Currently, Mixtral-8x7B Instruct is the underlying model that powers these AI functions.


ai_summarize(content[, max_words])


  • content: A STRING expression, the text to be summarized.

  • max_words: An optional non-negative integral numeric expression representing the best-effort target number of words in the returned summary text. The default value is 50. If set to 0, there is no word limit.



If content is NULL, the result is NULL.


> SELECT ai_summarize(
    'Apache Spark is a unified analytics engine for large-scale data processing. ' ||
    'It provides high-level APIs in Java, Scala, Python and R, and an optimized ' ||
    'engine that supports general execution graphs. It also supports a rich set ' ||
    'of higher-level tools including Spark SQL for SQL and structured data ' ||
    'processing, pandas API on Spark for pandas workloads, MLlib for machine ' ||
    'learning, GraphX for graph processing, and Structured Streaming for incremental ' ||
    'computation and stream processing.',
 "Apache Spark is a unified, multi-language analytics engine for large-scale data processing
 with additional tools for SQL, machine learning, graph processing, and stream computing."